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All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   

A Systematic Review on the Efficacy and Safety of Chloroquine for the Treatment of COVID-19

Cortegiani et al., J. Crit. Care, June 2020, 57:279-283, doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2020.03.005, Epub Mar 10, 2020
Mar 2020  
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HCQ for COVID-19
1st treatment shown to reduce risk in March 2020
 
*, now with p < 0.00000000001 from 411 studies, recognized in 46 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine treatments. * >10% efficacy, ≥3 studies.
4,300+ studies for 75 treatments. c19hcq.org
Review of six articles and 23 ongoing clinical trials in China recommending research and clinical use adhering to MEURI.
8 meta analyses show significant improvements with hydroxychloroquine for mortality1-4, hospitalization1, recovery5, combined death/hospitalization/cases6, and cases7,8.
Currently there are 39 HCQ for COVID-19 early treatment studies, showing 76% lower mortality [61‑85%], 67% lower ventilation [-710‑99%], 31% lower ICU admission [1‑53%], and 41% lower hospitalization [28‑51%].
Cortegiani et al., 10 Mar 2020, peer-reviewed, 5 authors.
This PaperHCQAll
A systematic review on the efficacy and safety of chloroquine for the treatment of COVID-19
Andrea Cortegiani, Giulia Ingoglia, Mariachiara Ippolito, Antonino Giarratano, Sharon Einav
Journal of Critical Care, doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2020.03.005
Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID-19. The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect, the company's public news and information website. Elsevier hereby grants permission to make all its COVID-19-related research that is available on the COVID-19 resource centre -including this research content -immediately available in PubMed Central and other publicly funded repositories, such as the WHO COVID database with rights for unrestricted research re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for free by Elsevier for as long as the COVID-19 resource centre remains active. A systematic review on the efficacy and safety of chloroquine for the treatment of COVID-19
Authors' contribution AC conceived the content, retrieved the data, wrote the manuscript and approved the final version. MI retrieved the data, wrote the manuscript and approved the final version. GI retrieved the data, wrote the manuscript and approved the final version. AG conceived the content, helped in data extraction, revised the manuscript critically and approved the final version. SE conceived the content, helped in data extraction, wrote the manuscript and approved the final version. Appendix A. Supplementary data Supplementary data to this article can be found online at https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2020.03.005.
References
Colson, Rolain, Raoult, Chloroquine for the 2019 novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, Int J Antimicrob Agents
Gao, Tian, Yang, Breakthrough: chloroquine phosphate has shown apparent efficacy in treatment of COVID-19 associated pneumonia in clinical studies, Biosci Trends, doi:10.5582/bst.2020.01047
Guan, Ni, Hu, Liang, Ou et al., Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China, N Engl J Med, doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2002032
Huang, Wang, Li, Ren, Zhao et al., Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China, Lancet
Lenk, Duttge, Ethical and legal framework and regulation for off-label use: European perspective, Ther Clin Risk Manag
Savarino, Boelaert, Cassone, Majori, Cauda, Effects of chloroquine on viral infections: an old drug against today's diseases?, Lancet Infect Dis
Wang, Cao, Zhang, Yang, Liu et al., Remdesivir and chloroquine effectively inhibit the recently emerged novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in vitro, Cell Res, doi:10.1038/s4142202002820
Wang, Hu, Hu, Zhu, Liu et al., Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in, doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1585
Wu, Mcgoogan, Characteristics of and important lessons from the coronavirus disease, doi:10.1001/jama.2020.2648
Yang, Yu, Xu, Shu, Xia et al., Clinical course and outcomes of critically ill patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a single-centered, retrospective, observational study, Lancet Respir Med, doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30079-5
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