The association of antiviral drugs with COVID-19 morbidity: The retrospective analysis of a nationwide COVID-19 cohort
Frontiers in Medicine, doi:10.3389/fmed.2022.894126
Furthermore, favipiravir was associated with increased risks of ICU admission (OR [95% CI]: 3.02 [1.70-5.35]; p = 0.001) and invasive mechanical ventilation requirement (OR [95% CI]: 2.94 [1.28-6.75]; p = 0.011).
Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that antiviral drugs including lopinavir, ritonavir, and favipiravir were associated with negative clinical outcomes such as increased risks for lengthy hospital stay, ICU admission, and invasive mechanical ventilation requirement. Therefore, repurposing such agents without proven clinical evidence might not be the best approach for COVID-19 treatment.
Ethics statement The studies involving human participants were reviewed and approved by Institutional Review Board of Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey (356/22.05.2020). Written informed consent for participation was not required for this study in accordance with the national legislation and the institutional requirements.
Author contributions CB, NKk, HBa, OI, FO, AS, ASC, BD, and AK designed the study. CB, NKk, PC, SAB, OKa, PA, II, AAk, YS, OB, EA, SM, CC, AD, BK, BB, HO, GO, ZT, BE, VA, OKi, ME, TU, OAl, EN, OAt, AAy, DC, YG, FF, FD, NKs, MT, GG, SA, TeT, TiT, OO, OD, PY, IB, HBo, IO, SB, BG, FB, OE, IH, HK, GS, OU, MA, GA, BD, EC, EG, OG, YH, MO, and ASC collected the data. SK and SAN analyzed the data. CB, NKk, SK, and HBa searched the literature and wrote the manuscript. CB, NKk, SK, SAB, PC, and HBa edited and revised manuscript according to journal's instructions. CB, NKk, SK, PC, SAB, and HBa edited and controlled the final version of the manuscript. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript.
Conflict of interest The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. The reviewer BH declared a shared affiliation with the authors, II and AK to the handling editor at the time of review.
Publisher's note All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of..
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