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All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   

Early Treatment of COVID-19 Patients With Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin: A Retrospective Analysis of 1061 Cases in Marseille, France

Million et al., Travel Med Infect Dis., 2020 May 5, doi:10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101738
May 2020  
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HCQ for COVID-19
1st treatment shown to reduce risk in March 2020
 
*, now known with p < 0.00000000001 from 422 studies, recognized in 42 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,100+ studies for 60+ treatments. c19hcq.org
Retrospective 1061 patients. HCQ+AZ safe and results in a low fatality rate.
Million et al., 5 May 2020, peer-reviewed, 37 authors.
This PaperHCQAll
Early treatment of COVID-19 patients with hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin: A retrospective analysis of 1061 cases in Marseille, France
Matthieu Million, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Philippe Gautret, Philippe Colson, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Sophie Amrane, Marie Hocquart, Morgane Mailhe, Vera Esteves-Vieira, Barbara Doudier, Camille Aubry, Florian Correard, Audrey Giraud-Gatineau, Yanis Roussel, Cyril Berenger, Nadim Cassir, Piseth Seng, Christine Zandotti, Catherine Dhiver, Isabelle Ravaux, Christelle Tomei, Carole Eldin, Hervé Tissot-Dupont, Stéphane Honoré, Andreas Stein, Alexis Jacquier, Jean-Claude Deharo, Eric Chabrière, Anthony Levasseur, Florence Fenollar, Jean-Marc Rolain, Yolande Obadia, Philippe Brouqui, Michel Drancourt, Bernard La Scola, Philippe Parola, Didier Raoult
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, doi:10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101738
Background: In France, the combination hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and azithromycin (AZ) is used in the treatment of COVID-19. Methods: We retrospectively report on 1061 SARS-CoV-2 positive tested patients treated for at least three days with the following regimen: HCQ (200 mg three times daily for ten days) + AZ (500 mg on day 1 followed by 250 mg daily for the next four days). Outcomes were death, clinical worsening (transfer to ICU, and > 10 day hospitalization) and viral shedding persistence (> 10 days). Results: A total of 1061 patients were included in this analysis (46.4% male, mean age 43.6 yearsrange 14-95 years). Good clinical outcome and virological cure were obtained in 973 patients within 10 days (91.7%). Prolonged viral carriage was observed in 47 patients (4.4%) and was associated to a higher viral load at diagnosis (p < .001) but viral culture was negative at day 10. All but one, were PCR-cleared at day 15. A poor clinical outcome (PClinO) was observed for 46 patients (4.3%) and 8 died (0.75%) (74-95 years old). All deaths resulted from respiratory failure and not from cardiac toxicity. Five patients are still hospitalized (98.7% of patients cured so far). PClinO was associated with older age (OR 1.11), severity of illness at admission (OR 10.05) and low HCQ serum concentration. PClinO was independently associated with the use of selective betablocking agents and angiotensin II receptor blockers (p < .05). A total of 2.3% of patients reported mild adverse events (gastrointestinal or skin symptoms, headache, insomnia and transient blurred vision). Conclusion: Administration of the HCQ+AZ combination before COVID-19 complications occur is safe and associated with a very low fatality rate in patients.
Declaration of competing interest The authors declare no competing interests. Funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript. Our group used widely available generic drugs distributed by many pharmaceutical companies (Supplementary data). Appendix A. Supplementary data Supplementary data to this article can be found online at https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101738.
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