Corona Virus Disease-19 (COVID-19) in a Veterans Affairs Hospital at Suffolk County, Long Island, New York
et al., Open Forum Infectious Diseases,
Retrospective 67 hospitalized patients in the USA showing non-statistically significant unadjusted increased mortality with HCQ. Confounding by indication
Time varying confounding is likely. HCQ became controversial and was suspended during the end of the period studied, therefore HCQ use was likely more frequent toward the beginning of the study period, a time when overall treatment protocols were significantly worse.
This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta
unadjusted results with no group details; no treatment details; substantial confounding by time
likely due to declining usage over the early stages of the pandemic when overall treatment protocols improved dramatically; substantial unadjusted confounding by indication
risk of death, 63.5% higher, RR 1.63, p = 0.52, treatment 17 of 52 (32.7%), control 3 of 15 (20.0%).
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Psevdos et al., 31 Dec 2020, retrospective, USA, peer-reviewed, 3 authors.
S330 • OFID 2020:7 (Suppl 1) • Poster Abstracts
Conclusion: Mortality in our HIV COVID-19 population was 18%, significantly lower than the 33% in COVID-19 patients overall at our institution. 39 patients with HIV were admitted for confirmed COVID-19 infections, which only amounts to 6.5% of the DAC population, although it is possible that our patients were admitted to other facilities for COVID-19. In our patients, compliance, viral suppression, and CD4+ counts did not correlate with outcomes. Although our mortality was significantly lower than the overall hospital mortality, larger studies are needed to fully evaluate the mortality relationship and determine the protective effects of antiviral therapy and/or decreased immune response in HIV patients with COVID-19.
Poster Abstracts • OFID 2020:7 (Suppl 1) • S331 influenza or other respiratory viruses were identified. The deceased group was older 77.5 vs 71 years P 0.007, had lower oxygen saturation and higher respiratory rate on presentation, had longer length of stay P 0.091, more likely to be in ICU and intubated, had lower bicarbonate levels, higher SAPS P < 0.001, higher lactate dehydrogenase, blood urea nitrogen, potassium levels, and higher peak procalcitonin, CRP, ferritin, ESR levels. There was no difference between recovered and deceased in terms of comorbidities except atrial fibrillation. Also, no difference in use of ACE inhibitors, statins, famotidine, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), azithromycin, doxycycline, steroids. Beta lactam antibiotics and tocilizumab were given more in the deceased group. HCQ was stopped in 1 patient due to QTc prolongation. No bacteremia identified in the recovered group contrary to two occasions in the deceased, E. faecalis and S. mitis. Six pneumonias in intubated deceased patients were identified (3 had received steroids and one tocilizumab) and 4 in recovered (2 intubated/steroids and 1 tocilizumab). 12 recovered patients had persistent positive nasopharyngeal PCR for SARS-CoV-2 for average 29 days ( 14 Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of all pediatric patients (< 21 years of age) with ≥ 2 nasopharyngeal specimens tested for SARS-CoV-2 by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rt-PCR) and at least one positive..