Conv. Plasma
Nigella Sativa
Nitric Oxide
Peg.. Lambda

Home   COVID-19 treatment studies for Hydroxychloroquine  COVID-19 treatment studies for HCQ  C19 studies: HCQ  HCQ   Select treatmentSelect treatmentTreatmentsTreatments
Alkalinization Meta Lactoferrin Meta
Melatonin Meta
Bromhexine Meta Metformin Meta
Budesonide Meta Molnupiravir Meta
Cannabidiol Meta
Colchicine Meta Nigella Sativa Meta
Conv. Plasma Meta Nitazoxanide Meta
Curcumin Meta Nitric Oxide Meta
Ensovibep Meta Paxlovid Meta
Famotidine Meta Peg.. Lambda Meta
Favipiravir Meta Povidone-Iod.. Meta
Fluvoxamine Meta Quercetin Meta
Hydroxychlor.. Meta Remdesivir Meta
Iota-carragee.. Meta
Ivermectin Meta Zinc Meta

Other Treatments Global Adoption
All Studies   Meta Analysis   Recent:  
0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality -63% Improvement Relative Risk Psevdos et al. HCQ for COVID-19 LATE TREATMENT Is late treatment with HCQ beneficial for COVID-19? Retrospective 67 patients in the USA Higher mortality with HCQ (not stat. sig., p=0.52) Psevdos et al., Open Forum Infectious Diseases, doi:10.1093/ofid/ofaa439.721 Favors HCQ Favors control

Corona Virus Disease-19 (COVID-19) in a Veterans Affairs Hospital at Suffolk County, Long Island, New York

Psevdos et al., Open Forum Infectious Diseases, doi:10.1093/ofid/ofaa439.721
Psevdos et al., Corona Virus Disease-19 (COVID-19) in a Veterans Affairs Hospital at Suffolk County, Long Island, New York, Open Forum Infectious Diseases, doi:10.1093/ofid/ofaa439.721
Dec 2020   Source   PDF  
  All Studies   Meta
Retrospective 67 hospitalized patients in the USA showing non-statistically significant unadjusted increased mortality with HCQ. Confounding by indication is likely.
Time varying confounding is likely. HCQ became controversial and was suspended during the end of the period studied, therefore HCQ use was likely more frequent toward the beginning of the study period, a time when overall treatment protocols were significantly worse. This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: unadjusted results with no group details; no treatment details; substantial confounding by time likely due to declining usage over the early stages of the pandemic when overall treatment protocols improved dramatically; substantial unadjusted confounding by indication likely.
risk of death, 63.5% higher, RR 1.63, p = 0.52, treatment 17 of 52 (32.7%), control 3 of 15 (20.0%).
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Psevdos et al., 31 Dec 2020, retrospective, USA, peer-reviewed, 3 authors.
All Studies   Meta Analysis   Submit Updates or Corrections
This PaperHCQAll
S330 • OFID 2020:7 (Suppl 1) • Poster Abstracts
Conclusion: Mortality in our HIV COVID-19 population was 18%, significantly lower than the 33% in COVID-19 patients overall at our institution. 39 patients with HIV were admitted for confirmed COVID-19 infections, which only amounts to 6.5% of the DAC population, although it is possible that our patients were admitted to other facilities for COVID-19. In our patients, compliance, viral suppression, and CD4+ counts did not correlate with outcomes. Although our mortality was significantly lower than the overall hospital mortality, larger studies are needed to fully evaluate the mortality relationship and determine the protective effects of antiviral therapy and/or decreased immune response in HIV patients with COVID-19.
Poster Abstracts • OFID 2020:7 (Suppl 1) • S331 influenza or other respiratory viruses were identified. The deceased group was older 77.5 vs 71 years P 0.007, had lower oxygen saturation and higher respiratory rate on presentation, had longer length of stay P 0.091, more likely to be in ICU and intubated, had lower bicarbonate levels, higher SAPS P < 0.001, higher lactate dehydrogenase, blood urea nitrogen, potassium levels, and higher peak procalcitonin, CRP, ferritin, ESR levels. There was no difference between recovered and deceased in terms of comorbidities except atrial fibrillation. Also, no difference in use of ACE inhibitors, statins, famotidine, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), azithromycin, doxycycline, steroids. Beta lactam antibiotics and tocilizumab were given more in the deceased group. HCQ was stopped in 1 patient due to QTc prolongation. No bacteremia identified in the recovered group contrary to two occasions in the deceased, E. faecalis and S. mitis. Six pneumonias in intubated deceased patients were identified (3 had received steroids and one tocilizumab) and 4 in recovered (2 intubated/steroids and 1 tocilizumab). 12 recovered patients had persistent positive nasopharyngeal PCR for SARS-CoV-2 for average 29 days ( 14 Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of all pediatric patients (< 21 years of age) with ≥ 2 nasopharyngeal specimens tested for SARS-CoV-2 by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rt-PCR) and at least one positive..
Late treatment
is less effective
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. Vaccines and treatments are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
  or use drag and drop