Analgesics
Antiandrogens
Azvudine
Bromhexine
Budesonide
Colchicine
Conv. Plasma
Curcumin
Famotidine
Favipiravir
Fluvoxamine
Hydroxychlor..
Ivermectin
Lifestyle
Melatonin
Metformin
Minerals
Molnupiravir
Monoclonals
Naso/orophar..
Nigella Sativa
Nitazoxanide
Paxlovid
Quercetin
Remdesivir
Thermotherapy
Vitamins
More

Other
Feedback
Home
Top
Results
Abstract
All HCQ studies
Meta analysis
 
Feedback
Home
next
study
previous
study
c19hcq.org COVID-19 treatment researchHCQHCQ (more..)
Melatonin Meta
Metformin Meta
Azvudine Meta
Bromhexine Meta Molnupiravir Meta
Budesonide Meta
Colchicine Meta
Conv. Plasma Meta Nigella Sativa Meta
Curcumin Meta Nitazoxanide Meta
Famotidine Meta Paxlovid Meta
Favipiravir Meta Quercetin Meta
Fluvoxamine Meta Remdesivir Meta
Hydroxychlor.. Meta Thermotherapy Meta
Ivermectin Meta

All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   

A Cluster-Randomized Trial of Hydroxychloroquine as Prevention of Covid-19 Transmission and Disease

Mitjà et al., NEJM, doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2021801 (date from preprint), BCN-PEP-CoV2
Jul 2020  
  Post
  Facebook
Share
  Source   PDF   All Studies   Meta AnalysisMeta
Mortality 46% Improvement Relative Risk Hospitalization 17% Baseline PCR- risk of cases 32% HCQ  BCN-PEP-CoV2  Prophylaxis  RCT Is post-exposure prophylaxis with HCQ beneficial for COVID-19? RCT 2,497 patients in Spain (March - April 2020) Lower mortality (p=0.39) and fewer cases (p=0.27), not sig. c19hcq.org Mitjà et al., NEJM, July 2020 FavorsHCQ Favorscontrol 0 0.5 1 1.5 2+
HCQ for COVID-19
1st treatment shown to reduce risk in March 2020
 
*, now with p < 0.00000000001 from 411 studies, recognized in 46 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine treatments. * >10% efficacy, ≥3 studies.
4,300+ studies for 75 treatments. c19hcq.org
For positive symptomatic cases, a greater effect is seen for nursing home residents, RR=0.49 [0.21 - 1.17], vs. overall 0.89, possibly because the exposure events are identified faster in this context, versus home exposure where testing of the source may be more delayed. The trial is too small for significance here. If the trend continued this result would be significant at p<0.05 after about 25% more patients were added.
There are 2 groups in this study: PCR+ at baseline (n=314) and PCR- at baseline (n=2000), which should be separated as they are different populations (primary outcome rates 18.6% and 22.2% compared to 3.0% and 4.3%). PCR+ already have COVID-19, so PEP analysis should be for the 2,000 PCR-, showing symptomatic COVID-19 of 4.3% (control) and 3.0% (treatment), RR 0.7, p=0.154.
The paper has different RR values here, stating that they are adjusted for contact-level variables. It is not clear how they are computed - the adjusted RR for the overall sample is 4% lower, for PCR+ it is 20% lower, but for PCR- it is 107% higher, even though PCR- represents 86% of the sample.
Hopefully, supplementary data will provide a breakdown on cases in this PCR- @baseline sample by number of days since exposure, and also provide relevant hospitalisation and death results.
Enrollment was up to 7 days after exposure, median 4 days. Treatment delay is unclear. The exposure event timing is not detailed. It appears to be based on the date of a positive test for a contact, which is likely to be much later than the actual exposure time. 13.1% were already positive at baseline, which is consistent with the actual exposure time being significantly earlier. PCR testing has a very high false-negative rate in early stages (e.g., 100% on day 1, 67% on day 4, and 20% on day 81), hence it is likely that a much higher percentage were infected at an unknown time before enrollment. Medication administration is not detailed. Sensitivity and specificity of the tests is not provided.
Given the delay identifying index cases, PCR test delay, and PCR false negative rate at early stages, the treatment delay in general was very long and could be over 2 weeks.
The RR for non-PCR positive at baseline is 0.74. Including the PCR-positive at baseline patients reduced this to 0.89. This is also consistent with earlier treatment being more effective.
The paper does not mention zinc. Zinc deficiency in Spain has been reported at 83%2, this may significantly reduce effectiveness. HCQ is a zinc ionophore which increases cellular uptake, facilitating significant intracellular concentrations of zinc, and zinc is known to inhibit SARS-CoV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity, and is widely thought to be important for effectiveness with SARS-CoV-23.
This study focuses on the existence of symptoms or PCR-positive results, however severity of symptoms is more important. Research has shown HCQ concentrations can be much higher in the lung compared to plasma4, which may help minimize the occurrence of severe cases and death.
There is a treatment-delay response relationship consistent with an effective treatment, however the authors only provide 3 ranges and do not break down the earliest treatment delay times.
The definition of COVID-19 symptoms is very broad - just existence of a headache alone or muscle pain alone was considered COVID-19. There was an overall very low incidence of confirmed COVID-19 (138 cases across both arms). There were no serious adverse events that were adjudicated as being treatment related. Authors exclude those with symptoms in the previous two weeks, however, those with symptoms up to several months before may still test PCR-positive even though there may be no viable virus.
There appears to be incorrect data. Table 2, secondary outcomes, control, hospital/vital records shows that 8 of 1042 is 9.7% (we get 0.8%).
Nasopharyngeal viral load analysis issues include test unreliability and temporo-spatial differences in viral shedding5.
Data from this study has been used to show that viral load is the primary factor in transmission:6.
risk of death, 45.6% lower, RR 0.54, p = 0.39, treatment 4 of 1,196 (0.3%), control 8 of 1,301 (0.6%), NNT 357, per supplemental appendix table S7, excluding patient that did not take any study medication and had an unknown cause of death.
risk of hospitalization, 16.8% lower, RR 0.83, p = 0.71, treatment 13 of 1,196 (1.1%), control 17 of 1,301 (1.3%), NNT 455, per supplemental appendix table S7, excluding patient that did not take any study medication and had an unknown cause of death.
baseline PCR- risk of cases, 32.0% lower, RR 0.68, p = 0.27, treatment 29 of 958 (3.0%), control 45 of 1,042 (4.3%), NNT 77.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Mitjà et al., 26 Jul 2020, Randomized Controlled Trial, Spain, peer-reviewed, 49 authors, study period 17 March, 2020 - 28 April, 2020, BCN-PEP-CoV2 trial.
This PaperHCQAll
A Cluster-Randomized Trial of Hydroxychloroquine for Prevention of Covid-19
Oriol Mitjà, Marc Corbacho-Monné, Maria Ubals, Andrea Alemany, Clara Suñer, Cristian Tebé, Aurelio Tobias, Judith Peñafiel, Ester Ballana, Carla A Pérez, Pol Admella, Núria Riera-Martí, Pep Laporte, Jordi Mitjà, Mireia Clua, Laia Bertran, Maria Sarquella, Sergi Gavilán, Jordi Ara, Josep M Argimon, Gabriel Cuatrecasas, Paz Cañadas, Aleix Elizalde-Torrent, Robert Fabregat, Magí Farré, Anna Forcada, Gemma Flores-Mateo, Cristina López, Esteve Muntada, Núria Nadal, Silvia Narejos, Aroa Nieto, Nuria Prat, Jordi Puig, Carles Quiñones, Ferran Ramírez-Viaplana, Juliana Reyes-Urueña, Eva Riveira-Muñoz, Lidia Ruiz, Sergi Sanz, Alexis Sentís, Alba Sierra, César Velasco, Rosa M Vivanco-Hidalgo, Juani Zamora, Jordi Casabona, Martí Vall-Mayans, Camila González-Beiras, Bonaventura Clotet
New England Journal of Medicine, doi:10.1056/nejmoa2021801
BACKGROUND Current strategies for preventing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are limited to nonpharmacologic interventions. Hydroxychloroquine has been proposed as a postexposure therapy to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), but definitive evidence is lacking. METHODS We conducted an open-label, cluster-randomized trial involving asymptomatic contacts of patients with polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR)-confirmed Covid-19 in Catalonia, Spain. We randomly assigned clusters of contacts to the hydroxychloroquine group (which received the drug at a dose of 800 mg once, followed by 400 mg daily for 6 days) or to the usual-care group (which received no specific therapy). The primary outcome was PCR-confirmed, symptomatic Covid-19 within 14 days. The secondary outcome was SARS-CoV-2 infection, defined by symptoms compatible with Covid-19 or a positive PCR test regardless of symptoms. Adverse events were assessed for up to 28 days. RESULTS The analysis included 2314 healthy contacts of 672 index case patients with Covid-19 who were identified between March 17 and April 28, 2020. A total of 1116 contacts were randomly assigned to receive hydroxychloroquine and 1198 to receive usual care. Results were similar in the hydroxychloroquine and usual-care groups with respect to the incidence of PCR-confirmed, symptomatic Covid-19 (5.7% and 6.2%, respectively; risk ratio, 0.86 [95% confidence interval, 0.52 to 1.42]). In addition, hydroxychloroquine was not associated with a lower incidence of SARS-CoV-2 transmission than usual care (18.7% and 17.8%, respectively). The incidence of adverse events was higher in the hydroxychloroquine group than in the usual-care group (56.1% vs. 5.9%), but no treatment-related serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS Postexposure therapy with hydroxychloroquine did not prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection or symptomatic Covid-19 in healthy persons exposed to a PCR-positive case patient. (Funded by the crowdfunding campaign YoMeCorono and others; BCN-PEP-CoV2 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04304053.
Appendix
References
Boulware, Pullen, Bangdiwala, A randomized trial of hydroxychloroquine as postexposure prophylaxis for Covid-19, N Engl J Med
Campbell, Donner, Klar, Developments in cluster randomized trials and Statistics in Medicine, Stat Med
Core, R: A language and environment for statistical computing
Eldridge, Ashby, Kerry, Sample size for cluster randomized trials: effect of coefficient of variation of cluster size and analysis method, Int J Epidemiol
Jolani, Debray, Koffijberg, Van Buuren, Moons, Imputation of systematically missing predictors in an individual participant data meta-analysis: a generalized approach using MICE, Stat Med
Kucirka, Lauer, Laeyendecker, Boon, Lessler, Variation in falsenegative rate of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction-based SARS-CoV-2 tests by time since exposure, Ann Intern Med
Kupferschmidt, Cohen, WHO launches global megatrial of the four most promising coronavirus treatments, Science
Little, Db, Statistical analysis with missing data
Liu, Cao, Xu, Hydroxychloroquine, a less toxic derivative of chloroquine, is effective in inhibiting SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro, Cell Discov
Long, Tang, Shi, Clinical and immunological assessment of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections, Nat Med
Mercuro, Yen, Shim, Risk of QT interval prolongation associated with use of hydroxychloroquine with or without concomitant azithromycin among hospitalized patients testing positive for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), JAMA Cardiol
O'quigley, Stare, Proportional hazards models with frailties and random effects, Stat Med
Pastick, Okafor, Wang, Review: hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine for treatment of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19), Open Forum Infect Dis
Sterne, White, Carlin, Multiple imputation for missing data in epidemiological and clinical research: potential and pitfalls, BMJ
Wacholder, Binomial regression in GLIM: estimating risk ratios and risk differences, Am J Epidemiol
Whitman, Hiatt, Mowery, Test performance evaluation of SARS-CoV-2 serological assays, doi:10.1101/2020.04.25.20074856v2
Yao, Ye, Zhang, In vitro antiviral activity and projection of optimized dosing design of hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), Clin Infect Dis
{ 'indexed': {'date-parts': [[2024, 3, 25]], 'date-time': '2024-03-25T23:20:45Z', 'timestamp': 1711408845674}, 'reference-count': 21, 'publisher': 'Massachusetts Medical Society', 'issue': '5', 'license': [ { 'start': { 'date-parts': [[2021, 2, 4]], 'date-time': '2021-02-04T00:00:00Z', 'timestamp': 1612396800000}, 'content-version': 'vor', 'delay-in-days': 0, 'URL': 'http://www.nejmgroup.org/legal/terms-of-use.htm'}], 'funder': [ {'name': 'Laboratorios Rubió'}, {'name': 'Laboratorios Gebro Pharma'}, {'name': 'Zurich Seguros'}, {'name': 'SYNLAB Barcelona'}, { 'DOI': '10.13039/501100002809', 'name': 'Generalitat de Catalunya', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher'}, {'name': 'Crowdfunding campaign YoMeCorono'}], 'content-domain': {'domain': [], 'crossmark-restriction': False}, 'published-print': {'date-parts': [[2021, 2, 4]]}, 'DOI': '10.1056/nejmoa2021801', 'type': 'journal-article', 'created': { 'date-parts': [[2020, 11, 24]], 'date-time': '2020-11-24T22:15:55Z', 'timestamp': 1606256155000}, 'page': '417-427', 'source': 'Crossref', 'is-referenced-by-count': 158, 'title': 'A Cluster-Randomized Trial of Hydroxychloroquine for Prevention of Covid-19', 'prefix': '10.1056', 'volume': '384', 'author': [ { 'given': 'Oriol', 'family': 'Mitjà', 'sequence': 'first', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'ORCID': 'http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8675-2868', 'authenticated-orcid': False, 'given': 'Marc', 'family': 'Corbacho-Monné', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Maria', 'family': 'Ubals', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Andrea', 'family': 'Alemany', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Clara', 'family': 'Suñer', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Cristian', 'family': 'Tebé', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Aurelio', 'family': 'Tobias', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Judith', 'family': 'Peñafiel', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Ester', 'family': 'Ballana', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Carla A.', 'family': 'Pérez', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Pol', 'family': 'Admella', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'ORCID': 'http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0876-7527', 'authenticated-orcid': False, 'given': 'Núria', 'family': 'Riera-Martí', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Pep', 'family': 'Laporte', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'ORCID': 'http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3266-8868', 'authenticated-orcid': False, 'given': 'Jordi', 'family': 'Mitjà', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Mireia', 'family': 'Clua', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Laia', 'family': 'Bertran', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Maria', 'family': 'Sarquella', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Sergi', 'family': 'Gavilán', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Jordi', 'family': 'Ara', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Josep M.', 'family': 'Argimon', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Gabriel', 'family': 'Cuatrecasas', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Paz', 'family': 'Cañadas', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Aleix', 'family': 'Elizalde-Torrent', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Robert', 'family': 'Fabregat', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Magí', 'family': 'Farré', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Anna', 'family': 'Forcada', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Gemma', 'family': 'Flores-Mateo', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Cristina', 'family': 'López', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Esteve', 'family': 'Muntada', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Núria', 'family': 'Nadal', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Silvia', 'family': 'Narejos', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Aroa', 'family': 'Nieto', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Nuria', 'family': 'Prat', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Jordi', 'family': 'Puig', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Carles', 'family': 'Quiñones', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Ferran', 'family': 'Ramírez-Viaplana', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Juliana', 'family': 'Reyes-Urueña', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Eva', 'family': 'Riveira-Muñoz', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Lidia', 'family': 'Ruiz', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Sergi', 'family': 'Sanz', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Alexis', 'family': 'Sentís', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Alba', 'family': 'Sierra', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'César', 'family': 'Velasco', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Rosa M.', 'family': 'Vivanco-Hidalgo', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Juani', 'family': 'Zamora', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Jordi', 'family': 'Casabona', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Martí', 'family': 'Vall-Mayans', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Camila', 'family': 'González-Beiras', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}, { 'given': 'Bonaventura', 'family': 'Clotet', 'sequence': 'additional', 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'From the Fight AIDS and Infectious Diseases Foundation (O.M., ' 'M.C.-M., M.U., A.A., C.S., E.B., C.A.P., P.A., N.R.-M., P.L., ' 'J.M., M.C., L.B., M.S., S.G., A.N., J. Puig, F.R.-V., A. Sierra, ' 'M.V.-M., C.G.-B., B.C.), Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i ' 'Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (O.M., J.A., M.F., ' 'C.Q., M.V.-M., B.C.), IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans ' 'Trias i Pujol Research Institute (E.B., A.E.-T., E.R.-M., L.R.), ' 'and the Center of Epidemiologic Studies of HIV/AIDS and STI ' 'of...'}]}], 'member': '150', 'reference': [ {'key': 'r1', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1056/NEJMoa2001316'}, {'key': 'r2', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30287-5'}, {'key': 'r4', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.050'}, {'key': 'r6', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30074-7'}, {'key': 'r8', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.5582/ddt.2020.01012'}, {'key': 'r9', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1038/s41422-020-0282-0'}, {'key': 'r10', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1186/1743-422X-2-69'}, {'key': 'r11', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1093/cid/ciaa237'}, {'key': 'r12', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1056/NEJMoa2016638'}, {'key': 'r16', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.7326/M20-1495'}, {'key': 'r17', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1093/ije/dyl129'}, {'key': 'r18', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1002/9781119013563'}, {'key': 'r19', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1136/bmj.b2393'}, {'key': 'r20', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1002/sim.6451'}, {'key': 'r21', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1002/sim.2731'}, {'key': 'r22', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a114212'}, {'key': 'r23', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1002/sim.1259'}, {'key': 'r25', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1038/s41591-020-0965-6'}, {'key': 'r26', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1001/jamacardio.2020.1834'}, {'key': 'r28', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1038/s41421-020-0156-0'}, {'key': 'r29', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'DOI': '10.1093/ofid/ofaa130'}], 'container-title': 'New England Journal of Medicine', 'original-title': [], 'language': 'en', 'link': [ { 'URL': 'http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa2021801', 'content-type': 'unspecified', 'content-version': 'vor', 'intended-application': 'similarity-checking'}], 'deposited': { 'date-parts': [[2021, 2, 3]], 'date-time': '2021-02-03T22:07:32Z', 'timestamp': 1612390052000}, 'score': 1, 'resource': {'primary': {'URL': 'http://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa2021801'}}, 'subtitle': [], 'short-title': [], 'issued': {'date-parts': [[2021, 2, 4]]}, 'references-count': 21, 'journal-issue': {'issue': '5', 'published-print': {'date-parts': [[2021, 2, 4]]}}, 'alternative-id': ['10.1056/NEJMoa2021801'], 'URL': 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2021801', 'relation': {}, 'ISSN': ['0028-4793', '1533-4406'], 'subject': ['General Medicine'], 'container-title-short': 'N Engl J Med', 'published': {'date-parts': [[2021, 2, 4]]}}
Loading..
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Treatments and other interventions are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
  or use drag and drop   
Submit