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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Case -50% Improvement Relative Risk c19hcq.org Cassione et al. HCQ for COVID-19 PrEP Favors HCQ Favors control
COVID-19 infection in a northern-Italian cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus assessed by telemedicine
Cassione et al., Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2020-217717 (Letter)
12 May 2020    Source   PDF   Share   Tweet
Survey of 165 SLE patients, 127 on HCQ. 8 patients with suspected COVID-19 and 4 confirmed cases. No mortality, one ICU case. 7 patients had no symptoms despite contact with a COVID-19 patient.
No adjustment for concomitant medications or severity of SLE. Confounding by indication.
risk of case, 49.6% higher, RR 1.50, p = 0.59, treatment 10 of 127 (7.9%), control 2 of 38 (5.3%).
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: not fully adjusting for the different baseline risk of systemic autoimmune patients.
Cassione et al., 12 May 2020, retrospective, Italy, preprint, survey, median age 52.5, 6 authors.
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